How IELTS is scored

How IELTS is scored

IELTS results are reported on a 9-band scale

IELTS results are designed to be simple and easy to understand. Results are reported as band scores on a scale from 1 (the lowest) to 9 (the highest). The IELTS band scale has remained consistent and has acquired currency around the world over the past three decades.


Band
score
Skill level Description
9 Expert user 적절하고 정확한 영어를 유창하게 구사하며 충분한 이해를 갖춘 응시자임을 나타냅니다.
8 Very good user 간혹 부정확하고 비적절한 어휘나 표현을 쓰고 익숙하지 못한 상황에서는 가끔 잘못 이해하는 경우가 있기는 하지만 대체적으로 언어구사능력이 뛰어나고 복잡하고 전문적인 토론을 잘 이끌어 갈 수 있는 응시자임을 나타냅니다.
7 Good user 때로 부정확하거나 비적절한 언어를 구사하고 일부 상황에 대한 이해를 못하는 경우도 있지만 전체적으로 난이도가 높은 언어를 잘 구사하고 자세한 내용의 이해가 가능한 응시자임을 나타냅니다.
6 Competent user 부정확하고 부적절한표현을 사용하거나 익숙하지 못한 상황에서는 잘못 이해하는 경우가 있지만 복잡한 언어, 특히 친숙한 상황에서는 상당히 잘 구사할 수 있는 전체적으로 효과적인 정도의 언어의 구사가 가능한 응시자임을 나타냅니다.
5 Modest user 대부분의 상황에서 실수를 하긴 하지만 전체적인 의미는 파악할 수 있고 부분적인 언어 구사력을 지니고 있는 응시자로 특히 자신의 분야에서 기본적인 의사소통은 가능한 응시자임을 나타냅니다.
4 Limited user 익숙한 몇 가지 상황에서만 언어구사가 가능하고 내용의 이해나 표현에 있어서 오해가 잦고 복잡하고 어려운 어휘를 사용하지 못하는 응시자임을 나타냅니다.
3 Extremely limited user 아주 익숙하고 단순한 상황에서 의미의 전달 혹은 이해만이 가능한 경우이며 의사소통이 중단되는 경우가 많은 응시자임을 나타냅니다.
2 Intermittent user 단어만을 사용하여 가장 기본적인 의사소통만이 가능하고 Spoken English와 Written English의 이해가 어려운 응시자임을 나타냅니다.
1 Non-user 사실상 언어 구사력이 전혀 없다고 판단되는 응시자임을 나타냅니다.
0 Did not attempt the test 시험에 응시하지 않은 경우입니다.

Calculating the overall band score

A score is given for each test component – Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. These individual scores are then averaged and rounded to produce an overall band score.

IELTS scoring in detail

IELTS Academic and General Training versions are marked using the same 9-band scale

Calculating the overall band score

IELTS test takers receive a Test Report Form setting out their overall band score and their scores on each of the four components: Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. Each of the component scores is weighted equally.

The overall band score is calculated by taking the average of the total of the four individual component scores.

Overall band scores are reported to the nearest whole or half band.

0.25 는 0.5 로, 0.75 는 1.0 으로 반올림을 해줍니다. 성적표에는 0.5 단위로 점수가 기재 됩니다.

Some examples:

  Listening Reading Writing Speaking Average score* Band score
Test taker A 6.5 6.5 5 7 6.25 6.5
Test taker B 4.0 3.5 4.0 4.0 3.875 4.0
Test taker C 6.5 6.5 5.5 6.0 6.125 6.0

*Average score = total of the four individual component scores divided by four.

Calculating the component band scores

IELTS scoring summary
Listening

The IELTS Listening test contains 40 questions. Each correct item is awarded one mark. Band scores, ranging from Band 1 to Band 9, are awarded to test takers on the basis of their raw scores.
Reading

The IELTS Reading test contains 40 questions. Each correct item is awarded one mark. Band scores, ranging from Band 1 to Band 9, are awarded to test takers on the basis of their raw scores.
Writing

Examiners use detailed assessment criteria (known as 'band descriptors') to award a band score for each of the four assessment criteria:

· Task Achievement (for Task 1), Task Response (for Task 2) – 25%
· Coherence and Cohesion – 25%
· Lexical Resource – 25%
· Grammatical Range and Accuracy – 25%
Speaking

Examiners use detailed assessment criteria (known as 'band descriptors') to award a band for each of the four assessment criteria:

· Fluency and Coherence – 25%
· Lexical Resource – 25%
· Grammatical Range and Accuracy – 25%
· Pronunciation – 25%
Differences between IELTS Academic and General Training:

There is no difference. This is because the more socially oriented language skills of listening and speaking are equally important in an academic study or workplace context.
Differences between IELTS Academic and General Training:

The Reading component of IELTS Academic and General Training is differentiated* by:

· The texts (topic, genre, discourse type, length, number, etc.). Academic papers may contain source texts featuring more difficult vocabulary or greater complexity of style.
· To secure a given band score, a greater number of questions must therefore be answered correctly on a General Training Reading test.
· The range of item difficulties.
· The Academic Reading component has more items pitched at bands 5–8, whereas IELTS General Training has more items pitched at bands 3–6. This is a reflection of the different demands of Academic and General Training discourse for language learners.


*This is because the distinction between ‘academic’ and ‘general’ literacy has usually been seen as most marked in reading and writing skills.
Differences between IELTS Academic and General Training:

· The Writing component of IELTS Academic and General Training are differentiated* by the tasks (topic and genre).


*This is because the distinction between ‘academic’ and ‘general’ literacy has usually been seen as most marked in reading and writing skills.
Differences between IELTS Academic and General Training:

There is no difference. This is because the more socially oriented language skills of listening and speaking are equally important in an academic study or workplace context.
Band score boundaries

Although all IELTS test materials are pretested and standards fixed before being released as live tests, there are inevitably minor differences in the difficulty level across tests. To equate different test versions, the band score boundaries are set so that all test takers' results relate to the same scale of achievement. This means, for example, that the Band 6 boundary may be set at a slightly different raw score across individual test versions.

Scoring: Listening and Reading

IELTS Listening and Reading papers contain 40 items and each correct item is awarded one mark; the maximum raw score a test taker can achieve on a paper is 40. Band scores ranging from Band 1 to Band 9 are awarded to test takers on the basis of their raw scores.

The tables below indicate the mean raw scores achieved by test takers at various levels in each of the Listening, Academic Reading and General Training Reading tests. They provide an indication of the number of marks required to achieve a particular band score.

Listening
Band score Raw score out of 40
5 16
6 23
7 30
8 35

Academic Reading
Band score Raw score out of 40
5 15
6 23
7 30
8 35

General Training Reading
Band score Raw score out of 40
4 15
5 23
6 30
7 34

The Academic and General Training papers are graded to the same scale. The distinction between the two modules is one of genre or discourse type. Academic papers may contain source texts featuring more difficult vocabulary or greater complexity of style. It is usual that, to secure a given band score, a greater number of questions must be answered correctly on a General Training Reading paper.

Scoring: Writing and Speaking

When marking the Writing and Speaking tests, examiners use detailed performance descriptors which describe written and spoken performance at each of the nine IELTS bands.

Versions of the assessment criteria for Writing and Speaking have been developed to help stakeholders better understand the level of performance required to attain a particular band score in each of the criterion areas:

  · Download Writing task 1 assessment criteria (PDF,124KB)
  · Download Writing task 2 assessment criteria (PDF, 68KB)
  · Download Speaking assessment criteria (PDF, 120KB)